Complications can be prevented if patients are seen on a regular basis by their various specialists. Those affected should work closely with physicians for individual care and management. Often your Consultant requires the test results such as X-rays, ECG (Electrocardiogram), Echocardiogram, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), CT Scan, and lung function tests prior to your appointment. Assessments may need to be increased as the patient grows older. For more information, see our Growing Older with Marfan Syndrome guide.
In general, it is important for the patient with Marfan syndrome to keep as fit as possible with gentle regular exercise. This improves muscle tone and is good for overall function of the heart and blood vessels, but any
exercise should be appropriate to each individual’s physical condition. Some activities are best avoided, such as long distance running and heavy lifting. For more information, see our Exercise and Sports Guide.
The person with Marfan syndrome should, in general, be able to take part in appropriate non-competitive sporting activities but should be allowed to stop whenever tired. Contact sports such as basketball and rugby are best avoided, but lighter sports such as badminton and cycling on flat ground are suitable.
Due to Marfan syndrome, fatigue can be a problem, especially when long periods of concentration are required. Learn to “pace yourself”, working within your own comfortable time scales.
A balanced healthy diet, rich in vitamins and minerals, encourages the production of connective tissue.
Smoking destroys elastin, which is the very protein which is already deficient in anyone who has Marfan syndrome. It also causes complications in surgery and the recovery period. It is therefore best avoided.